Advice and tips for a beautiful lawn
Watering the lawn
Remember Lawns need water but they don't need soaking every day. It is better for the lawns to have a heavy watering irregularly than it is to give a lawn a light watering regularly. This helps the root system to fully extend to its maximum length and to absorb water reserves to its full holding capacity. Deep extensive roots discourage disease and aid plant health. Shallow roots will encourage thatch and disease.
Try and avoid having wet grass at night as this can promote disease. It’s best to water before the heat of the day so that the lawn has time to dry before nightfall. You can put the sprinkler on anytime from early morning to early afternoon on most days even sunny ones. If the temperature gets above 24C/75F its best to turn the water off as you will lose most of the moisture to the atmosphere before it does any good.
If you use sprinklers then try to apply about a ½ inch of water twice per week. Place some empty tuna cans on the lawn to check how long it takes as they fill to the required level, it also lets you see if the water is being distributed evenly.
If the lawn does dry out, don't worry it's a hardy plant and will stay dormant until water is available but if it does happen try to keep activity on the lawn to a minimum as dry grass is easily damaged, the exception is newly laid turf or newly grown seed which need water to fully establish and to help the roots to get to optimum length.
Mowing the lawn
Mowing should be carried out according to growth. There is no set time of the year to start mowing or to finish. Mowing needs are entirely dependent upon growth levels and that depends on lots of factors but mainly nutrients and weather.
The most important thing to know is the greater the height of cut, the stronger the plant will become; we recommend keeping the cut at between 1 and 3 inches. Every extra 1 mm increase in height will enable the grass plants to photosynthesise more effectively, and because the plants’ root depth is proportional to the leaf growth, root improvement will also occur.
Try to cut no more then 1/3 of the grass leaf each time and reverse the direction you mow the next time you cut it, this reduces stress on the plant and strengthens it.
If its hot keep the cut higher it will help the plant retain water and if its very dry and hot you can even let clippings fall onto the lawn instead of collecting them. This will act as a mulch and slow evaporation of water from the surface. Make sure the clippings are very small otherwise you risk smothering the grass which can also cause harm.
The stronger the growth of the grass, the better the density of the lawn and this in turn decreases the amount of weeds you will get.
So try to keep to the recommended lengths and in the main growing period you can cut to the lower level but make sure you remember to raise the cutting level when the growth starts to slow down.
For that special occasion a healthy, well-kept lawn can survive the odd short cut, but, repeatedly cutting the grass too short can result in a number problems including - a brown Lawn because the reduced surface area of the blade limits photosynthesis and increases vulnerability to pests and disease.
Try not to mow the lawn in damp or wet conditions. The grass will clump together resulting in a very uneven cut and also leaving a mess on your lawn afterwards. Its best to cut the grass when its dry and after any morning dew has evaporated.
Try to keep the mower blades sharp, clean and balanced. Cutting the grass with blunt blades will result in a ragged cut, leaving the Lawn more vulnerable to disease and cut the lawn at least once a week in the growing season..
Sunlight and Shade
Its important for the health of your lawn to remove any debris, fallen leaves or snow as soon as you can, like all of us the grass likes to see the sunlight. Try and cut back over hanging vegetation and make sure shaded areas are not over watered and are given proper drainage. If you are struggling to get grass to grow make sure you are using the right type of seed for the level of sunlight the area gets.